Vitamin K plays an important role in the formation of blood clots; about 1 in 10,000 newborns suffer bleeding from vitamin K deficiency.
The lack of this vitamin may cause small hemorrhages in the nose or mouth and even very serious internal bleeding that occur in the first days of life.
You need vitamin K administered vaccine at birth can also be done orally, but this will require three doses: one at birth, another at 3 or 5 days and the last at 4 weeks of life.
Some kids are more at risk than others, for example:
- Infants whose mothers consumed drugs or anticoagulants anticonvulsants.
- Premature babies and those who needed resuscitation at birth.
- Babies born with forceps and cesarean deliveries.
- Babies show bruises or hematomas.
- Babies with liver injury and have difficulty to breastfeed.
Central to prevent vitamin K deficiency in the small, is to give the first shot of milk as soon as possible since we first get a liquid called colostrum, which has many nutrients, antibodies, immunoglobulin and high levels of vitamin K.
Another important tip is to do your first small empty one breast to start with the other, because the milk that comes at the end contains more fat and high levels of vitamin K.
Also, mothers who can not feed the small, they can do with formula which provides significant amounts of vitamin K.
Do not forget to check with your doctor, as symptoms of hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, caused by lack of vitamin K, may resemble other conditions or medical problems.