It is true that infant mortality has declined in recent years, but the opposite occurs with maternal and neonatal maintains that even today their numbers. Newborns have 500 times more likely to die during their first day of life in the first month, so the highest number of cases of neonatal deaths occurred in South Asia, India is estimated quarter the world total. Although national rates more high neonatal mortality occur in sub-Saharan Africa.
Almost always the death of the newborn has a lot to do with the health of the mother. Each year, die more than half a million women due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth. Almost 100% of cases of maternal death and newborn are typical of underdeveloped countries, where more than half the total population gives birth without being assisted by trained personnel.
Ensuring the health of the mother and newborn:
All pregnant women at risk for complications in the stage of pregnancy or during labor, so it is important to provide adequate information about the medical care should be taken every month.
It is essential to improve health and nutrition of women who are mothers, give them a social security reproductive quality is another key point to treat many causes of infant mortality. Not only must have medical supervision during the pregnancy last month, both the mother and her newborn must continue to maintain monthly visits to specialists after delivery.
The newborn should be taken to the neonatologist the first three months of his life and from room should begin to be examined by the pediatrician. The mother should continue its controls with gynecologist and nutritionist to give the necessary care that may be needed.
Only this will ensure both the health of both mother and child. The problem in many countries sub developed is not only that health should be paid; it is also a serious lack of education and family control. Remember that a healthy mother will depend on a healthy child.