Measles, rubella, scarlet fever, chicken pox – many childhood diseases initially cause skin rash and febrile flu symptoms. However, besides the diseases that occur to one immediately, many more with typical skin lesions.
As for diseases with rash are there?
Besides the known Infectious diseases by bacteria or viruses, where the skin rash usually occurs on the whole body, there are infectious diseases that lead only to a limited local rash.
The most common generalized infectious diseases are measles, rubella, scarlet fever, chicken pox, roseola and fifth disease, which show a typical distribution pattern of the rash. Less common are rashes accompanied by gastrointestinal infections, typhoid fever, infectious mononucleosis, toxoplasmosis, typhus fever or HIV.
In localized infections in children Impetigo (Impetigo), cold sores (herpes simplex) and Herpangina often. In addition to these local infections are occurring increasingly allergies in children before that manifest themselves either with erythema on the whole body or only in some areas of skin.
There are also several Skin diseases as eczema and cradle cap, psoriasis, cutaneous porphyria, or pemphigus diseases, which can differ, however, mostly on the history of the infectious disease and allergic diseases. A Cancer may be accompanied by a rash, which occurs in childhood but rare.
What can you do about the rash?
Viral infections such as measles, rubella, chicken pox, roseola, or Fifth disease can only be treated symptomatically, and is particularly an extensive isolation of the patient (eg, not a kindergarten or school in addition to antipyretic measures and adequate fluid intake) advised to not transmit the highly contagious disease to other is. Bacterial diseases such as scarlet fever or impetigo contagiosum need to be treated with antibiotics as it can otherwise be in scarlet fever complications such as heart valve changes in impetigo infections of the eyes or sinuses. At Allergies is the avoidance of the triggering allergen is the primary therapy.
Many allergic eruptions occur in infancy, when food is added first. By adding only one new food on the menu of your child, you can quickly identify incompatibilities and the relevant food easily eliminated. At Neurodermatitis and Psoriasis will you teach your dermatologist about possible care – however, so you may have to try different products until you have figured out to the skin of your child’s best care.
Gerade the immune system against viral Infectious diseases there are effective Vaccinations, which are offered as part of screening. The Standing Vaccination Committee (STIKO) recommends being that children before 14 Month of life at least once against measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox be vaccinated. The use of combination vaccines, the number of unpleasant procedures is reduced, modern vaccines are generally well tolerated.
At Allergies is the most important therapeutic and preventive measure, the consistent avoidance of known allergens – whether diapers, medications, or certain types of fruit : Avoid contact with the allergen and the skin of your child will thank you. Skin diseases such as psoriasis or porphyria often react to certain triggers such as stress (illness, special events such as school enrollment, birth), diet or sun exposure : A sensitive handling of these triggers will help to limit the skin damage.