A recent study may help to completely eliminate the current epidemic of obesity, which also affects children and adolescents worldwide. It is estimated that 70% of obese young adults who grow up to be burdened with this disease and the risks to their health.
In the case of adolescent obesity in the short term increases the risk of problems in the spine and feet, respiratory diseases, such as sleep apnea, stretch marks and hanging skin, as well as psychological disorders and difficulties in relating to their pairs. A long-term obesity may produce multiple complications such as cardiovascular problems and the development of type 2 diabetes.
The researchers were able to work with more than 3 000 children aged 12 to 17 years to analyze the effect of nutritional habits and lifestyle on their health, taking into account key factors such as fitness, exercise and hormonal profile.
When analyzing this data, researchers found that young physically fit to perform some kind of sport had higher levels of insulin and leptin. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, lowers blood glucose and associated with type 2 diabetes. Leptin is produced by fat cells and is involved in the control of appetite and energy expenditure.
The results indicated that children who played sports and were as often have much less body fat than girls her age with less healthy habits.
The researchers say that this positive association is related to metabolic changes generated by the exercise on the production and release of insulin and leptin.
Teens that have a good physical condition and daily exercisers can better control your appetite; have a better pattern of energy consumption and less body fat.
The researchers argued that these improvements are associated with metabolic changes generated by physical activity.